Diabetes is a metabolic condition that may result in various organ complications if it is left untreated. One common concern is diabetic retinopathy. Let your trusted eye doctor from AAPECS Atlantic Eye Care explain this condition.
Diabetes develops when your body is unable to properly utilize insulin or it fails to produce the hormone at healthy levels. This leads to increased blood sugar levels, making blood thicker. This may impair blood delivery to your eyes, depriving them of oxygen and nutrients. Gradually, your eyes may deteriorate, a condition known as diabetic retinopathy.
Stages and Corresponding Manifestations
According to your expert eye care center, there are generally two types of diabetic retinopathy. The early or non-proliferative stage does not usually have any visible manifestations. That said, it may cause your retinal blood vessel walls to weaken eventually. This may lead to their premature rupture, causing blood and fluids to leak into your macula. This may result in its swelling, which may cause central vision blurring and dimming.
The advanced or proliferative phase, on the other hand, occurs when your eyes try to compensate for the diminished blood supply by growing blood vessels. Their fragile nature, however, causes these new vessels to burst easily. This may result in blood deposits to settle in your eyes, showing as small spots floating across your visual field. You may also develop scars which may lead to retinal detachment, increasing your risk of losing your sight completely.
Our Recommended Management
Keep in mind that prevention is always better than cure when it comes to keeping your eyes in great condition. If you or any of your relatives are diabetic, make sure to have comprehensive eye exams regularly. This way, we’ll be able to detect any related visual changes, especially since diabetic retinopathy is an asymptomatic complication.
When it comes to managing diabetic retinopathy, our primary objective is to stop its progression. The best way to do so is to control your blood glucose levels. This is why it’s important to follow your doctor’s prescribed medication, diet and lifestyle changes. We may also recommend surgeries or laser treatments to remove the abnormal blood vessels or leaks in your eyes.
Call us today at (757) 772-0086 or complete our form to learn more about diabetic retinopathy. We serve Virginia Beach and the surrounding VA areas.