Over 29 million people in the country live with diabetes, and more than 8 million of them have diabetic retinopathy, one of the leading causes of blindness for adults. Apart from this disease, diabetes can also trigger diabetic macular edema (DME), cataracts and even glaucoma. As part of the Diabetic Eye Disease Awareness Month, AAPECS Atlantic Eye Care, your reliable eye care center, discusses some of the diabetes-related eye problems and options for their treatment.
The retina appears as a thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the eye on the inside and is located near the optic nerve. Its purpose is to receive light that the natural eye lens has focused, convert it into neural signals and send those signals to the brain for visual recognition. People with diabetic retinopathy, however, may experience fluctuating vision, double vision, and eye pain due to high sugar content in the blood, which reduces oxygen and nutrient delivery to the retina.
To control the extent of retinal damage, control your blood sugar and blood pressure. Proper diet is also necessary to keep the eye’s blood vessels healthy.
Diabetic Macular Edema
This eye disease is a result of having diabetic retinopathy. It affects the macula, a retinal component that controls our most detailed vision abilities, due to leaking eye blood vessels. One way to treat diabetic macular edema is through focal or grid laser treatment. Visit your local eye doctor if you experience eye discomfort or blurry vision.
Glaucoma is considered one of the many complications of diabetes. It’s caused by a gradual increase in the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes, which can damage the optic nerve. Note that people who have had diabetes for a longer period have a higher risk of developing glaucoma.
Turn to AAPECS Atlantic Eye Care for your eye care needs. We provide comprehensive eye exams to help detect vision problems that can affect your eyesight. Call us today at (757) 772-0086 or fill out our online form to request an appointment. We serve residents of Virginia Beach, VA.