One of the leading causes of blindness in the world is glaucoma. It is an alarming condition that damages the optic nerve and worsens as time goes by. Whether you wear eyeglasses or have perfect vision, you can be affected with glaucoma. A person diagnosed with glaucoma will need to follow a strict eye care routine, which might involve surgery, to avoid blindness.
What Is Glaucoma?
The optic nerve is important because it transmits images captured by the eyes to the brain. Glaucoma, meanwhile, increases pressure on this nerve due to intraocular pressure. If the pressure continues, the optic nerve might be damaged irreversibly and permanent blindness will result.
This eye disease is called “the silent thief of sight” for a reason. Most people diagnosed with it have no early symptoms or pain. A regular eye checkup would be able to detect this condition, however, to allow your doctor to set up a preventive plan. Contrary to popular belief, wearing contact lenses doesn’t cause glaucoma.
There are two kinds of glaucoma: open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma.
This is the common type of glaucoma, also called the wide-angle glaucoma. It means the structure in the eye, called the trabecular meshwork, which drains the tears from the eye, doesn’t work properly, though otherwise it looks normal. This increases the volume of aqueous humor in the eyes, creating increased pressure. It has several variants and is a long-term condition.
This is also called the narrow-angle glaucoma. It means the eye isn’t draining right because of the narrow angle between your iris and cornea. The buildup of pressure results in cloudy vision in the affected eye.
There are various treatments that can prevent permanent vision loss from glaucoma. People have different needs when it comes to glaucoma treatment. First, a doctor would assess which treatments would serve as a maintenance. Some treatments include eye drops, pills and surgery. Make note that LASIK is not recommended for people who have glaucoma because it has a risk of further optic nerve damage.
AAPECS Atlantic Eye Care is here for patients with glaucoma every step of the way. To learn more about glaucoma, call us at (757) 772-0086 or fill out this form to request an appointment. We serve Norfolk, VA, and other nearby communities.