Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of vision loss among individuals 50 years and older. While aging is seen as a determining factor of this condition, recent studies have shown that diet also contributes to the risks associated with AMD. AAPECS Atlantic Eye Care, your local provider of eyeglasses, contact lenses and eye care services, explains the correlation between the two.
What Is AMD?
Age-related macular degeneration is an eye condition in which a person’s central vision is blurred while the peripheral vision remains the same. It is a result of damage to the macula, which is the sensitive part of the retina.
There are two types of AMD—dry and wet. The dry type is the most common, and it involves the thinning of the light-sensitive cells that make up the macula. Individuals with dry AMD may still have a good central vision, but with certain functional limitations. The wet type, meanwhile, is a result of the growth of abnormal blood vessels around the retina and macula. This causes the once flat macula to bulge, affecting central vision.
The Role of Diet
Lack of Vitamin D has been shown to hasten the development of AMD. Low levels of this antioxidant limits the body’s ability to fight free radicals, which can lead to early destruction of your pigmented retinal layer and impairment of your central vision.
Carotenoids, like beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, can also help fight off these free radicals as revealed in many studies. Eating foods rich in these antioxidants and other nutrients can help boost eye health while reducing the risk of developing AMD.
What You Need to Do
As the leading provider of eye care services like prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses, we recommend daily intake of foods that promote eye health. Eating green, leafy vegetables, carrots and citrus fruits help increase antioxidant levels in your body. Fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids help maintain moisture in the eyes.
Visit AAPECS Atlantic Eye Care today for your proper optical needs. Aside from routine eye exams, we also provide treatment for serious eye diseases, like AMD, cataracts, glaucoma, dry eyes and even eye injuries.