Diabetes refers to a group of metabolic disorders that produce high levels of glucose in your blood. This may happen when your body fails to secrete the right amount of insulin or it develops an inability to properly respond to this hormone. This may lead to organ complications, such as diabetic retinopathy. Your trusted eye doctor from AAPECS Atlantic Eye Care discusses this condition for your understanding.
How It Happens
Increased sugar content can make your blood thicker, slowing down its circulation. This may result in restricted oxygen and nutrient delivery to your various body parts, including your eyes. This can severely affect your retinal processes, disturbing the conversion of light rays into nerve signals. You may experience visual impairments when this happens.
Phases of Diabetic Retinopathy
According to your expert eye care center, diabetic retinopathy has two stages. The early or non-proliferative phase is usually asymptomatic. The blood vessels in your retina may grow weak later on, leading to their rupture. This may also lead to macular edema caused by fluid leaks into your retina’s central spot.
The advanced or proliferative phase is marked by the growth of abnormal blood vessels, which form as a compensatory mechanism for the limited blood supply. Their fragile structure leads to their easy rupture, causing blood clots to form in your eyes.
Signs and Symptoms
Although you may not notice any manifestations at first, you may eventually see dark spots across your visual field. Blurry vision and night blindness are also common. Central vision irregularities may happen as the disease progresses.
The main objective of every diabetic retinopathy management is to halt its progression. The best thing to do so is to make sure you follow your doctor’s prescription medications, as well as suggested lifestyle and diet changes. We also recommend that you undergo comprehensive eye exams regularly, especially if you or any of your relatives are diabetic.
It’s best if we can identify signs of this problem as soon as possible. The sooner we manage this problem, the better chance we have of preventing its advancement and saving your vision. During the advanced phases, vitrectomy and laser eye surgeries are effective methods to remove abnormal blood vessels and blood clots.
If you have any further questions about diabetic retinopathy, call us at (757) 340-7070 or complete our contact form.