As you reach your 40s, you may realize that your vision is not as good and stable as it used to be. Degenerative changes are part of the normal aging process, which may involve a decline in your visual capacity. You may develop a refractive error commonly known as presbyopia when this happens. For your understanding, your expert eye doctor from AAPECS Atlantic Eye Care talks about this condition in detail.
Underlying Cause of Presbyopia
Your eyes have natural lenses that are supported by a ring of tiny muscle fibers referred to as ciliary muscles. They help the lenses change shape in order to accommodate the light that enters your eyes. Increasing age, however, may cause these structures to harden, resisting shape transformation of your lenses. Since they are responsible for focusing light on the retina, this may lead to accommodation and vision problems.
Common Signs and Symptoms
This age-related refractive error may cause problems seeing up-close objects clearly. This is why most adults at this age are often seen holding a newspaper or other reading materials at arm’s length. You may also experience eye strain, eye fatigue, and headaches when doing close-range tasks. If you notice any of these manifestations, drop by your trusted eye care center to have your eyes checked.
It’s Difference with Hyperopia
While presbyopia symptoms may be similar to hyperopia manifestations, the structures and processes involved are different. Hyperopia, also referred to as farsightedness, often develops during childhood. It involves having a shorter than usual eyeball and an overly rigid cornea. These structural infirmities cause light to settle behind the retina instead of on it, giving you a hard time seeing close-range objects clearly.
Our Recommended Management
Having comprehensive eye exams regularly is one of the most effective ways to keep your visual health stable even in your golden years. We also advise eating eye-friendly foods, exercising daily, and wearing proper eyewear always. Once we confirm presbyopia, we may recommend wearing bifocal or progressive lenses. Both contain prescriptions to give you better far- and close-range viewing ease. Their only difference is that the latter does not have a visible junction for a more aesthetic appeal. We may also suggest trifocal lenses which hold three lens powers for near, intermediate, and distant vision.
For more information about presbyopia, call us at (757) 340-7070 or complete our form.